To create a solid foundation for a home, a lot is dependent on the soil layer that lies beneath it. In theory, a foundation should be able to stand the test of time, but there are many things that can test your foundation and potentially cause problems. One variable that can become an issue is the strength of the soil layer underneath your house, and a major soil issue that can lead to foundation damage is caused by improper drainage.
How improper drainage is a problem
Improper drainage around a house can lead to soil instability due to localized areas of saturation. This in turn leads to the foundation damage and ultimately, dwindling property prices, if not making the structure uninhabitable over time. It is, therefore, important for home owners to identify and address any potential risks of to their home’s foundation, such as those that are a result of poor drainage in the early stages.
If your home has a poor drainage grade, it will allow water to seep through the ground to the soil layer underneath. This can be a problem when dealing with certain soil types, which will expand when exposed to water and contract when drained. In time, this expansion and contraction of the soil layer will lead to cracks in the foundation. Houses that lack gutters or poorly connected downspouts are more susceptible to foundation damage, and homes that are situated on a sloped landscape are also likely to experience foundation damage. Drainage issues can also be caused by local construction or landscaping projects.
A home that has foundation damage will exhibit physical signs of such as misaligned windows and doors or cracks in the walls, ceiling, and floor. Homes with improper damage may also exhibit symptoms such as excessive moisture in basements and crawlspaces and mold growth. Standing water in the yard and around the home is also a common sight if there is a drainage problem.
How to remedy drainage issues
There are many types of drainage problems that can cause damage to the foundation or other areas of the property, and this means that there are many different ways to go about fixing these issues. There are things that home owners can do themselves, such as ensuring that their home has gutters, keeping gutters clean and free of debris, covering basement windows, and being sure that downspouts are properly installed, carrying water a proper distance away from the home.
Many drainage issues, particularly if they have already caused damage, will require a professional. Depending on the underlying cause of the drainage issue, you may need a waterproofer, landscaper, or other contractor to come in and fix the drainage problem and repair your foundation. By working with AquaProof we can solve all those problems in a permanent way and will avoid any further damage to the home.